The Cwricwlwm Cymreig (hereafter, CC) was a cross-curricula initiative which aimed to develop a multi-faceted, and civic sense of Welsh identity amongst pupils which did not rely on outdated, stereotypical notions of Wales and Welshness (Smith, 2016:40). The CC was intended to be progressive and inclusive, and was designed to enable educators “to not only embrace their own interpretations and understandings of what it means to be Welsh but also to develop an international perspective and recognition of a global connectedness to other nations and cultures” (Smith, 2016:40).

However, despite the significant potential of the CC, there were serious, crippling…


The Italian Marxist revolutionary Antonio Gramsci dedicated much of his thought to the concept of crises. This was the result of him coming of age and then living through a series of crises on the world scale (WW1, the 1929 stock market crash), and a domestic crisis which was the direct result of the aftermath of the international crises (the rise of fascism in Italy).

Many Marxists of the time tended to assume that capitalism’s periodic crises would inevitably usher in periods of socialist revolution and the overthrow of the old order by the new. Indeed, this was initially Gramsci’s…


During this election I spent two days canvassing for Labour in my home constituency of Bridgend, which in the event tragically fell to the Tories. I have a huge amount of scepticism about door knocking as both a campaign strategy (in reality it is mainly a form of data harvesting rather than a mass campaign of persuasive interaction) and the way the wisdom of ‘the doorstep’ is elevated in British political discourse. …


“… a crisis occurs, sometimes lasting for decades. This exceptional duration means that incurable structural contradictions have revealed themselves (reached maturity) and that, despite this, the political forces which are struggling to conserve and defend the existing structure itself are making every effort to cure them, within certain limits, and to overcome them”. (Gramsci, 1971: 178)

In the last few days I’ve published some of the thoughts I’ve been having about Wales and Brexit.

Whilst my other pieces have focused specifically on Wales, I wanted to use this one to answer some questions that have been posed by comrades of…


In Andrew Rawnsley’s diaries of the Blair years, it is revealed that Tony Blair was extremely reluctant to have a referendum on Welsh devolution in 1997. Whilst he was confident that Scotland would vote Yes, Blair privately feared that the Welsh were ‘anti-politics’, and generally sick of politicians. The image obsessed Blair was worried that Wales would vote No, and embarrass his brand new government. In the end, Ron Davies and others badgered him into acquiescing.

The eventual devolution campaign in Wales was hugely lopsided. The Yes vote belatedly brought together Welsh Labour (and its formidable hegemonic apparatus) & Plaid…


Some brief thoughts on Wales and Brexit

In the 2016 EU referendum, unlike our Celtic cousins in Northern Ireland and Scotland, Wales voted to leave. There were significant regional variations in the vote. Welsh speaking rural areas of Gwynedd and Ceredigion voted to remain, alongside Cardiff and its hinterland, the Vale of Glamorgan. All of the former industrial areas of south and west Wales voted to leave, as well as the ‘British Wales’ areas of Pembrokeshire, Powys and the north east Wales border counties. …


Full disclosure. I joined Plaid Cymru to vote for Leanne Wood. Joining a political party goes against pretty much everything I believe in, but I did so because I believe that this is an issue which transcends Plaid Cymru and impacts the whole Welsh body politic. Leanne Wood has been, for around a decade now, Wales’ moral compass. As Welsh Labour continuously drag the name of socialism through the mud, she has been the only champion of socialist values in Wales (and until Jeremy Corbyn, across the whole of the UK)- standing up against austerity, racism, and championing minority rights…


In some previous blogs I’ve spoken about why Wales voted Leave. Here I’ll continue to speculate on what the future might hold for Wales in a post-Brexit UK.

Last time I said that given the existing balance of forces, it is more likely that Wales moves closer to England than it is for Wales to move further away. The last blog suggested quite a bleak if not completely dystopian future. However, I think it’s important to be cynical, because I think many in Plaid Cymru possess a streak of naïve optimism which often seems to cloud their judgement.

With Brexit…


So Wales voted leave. Cue much handwringing, shame and self-loathing, particularly for those of us who were in France when the results broke. Two weeks of being patted on the back, partying and singing alongside amazing people from all over Europe, who went out of their way to tell us how they were cheering on bold little Wales. After all their hospitality and warmth, the referendum vote felt like we’d spat in their faces.

But it wasn’t as simple as hating our European friends. We know why Wales voted leave (http://www.independent.co.uk/voices/brexit-wales-eu-referendum-vote-leave-uk-ignored-by-westminster-a7102551.html; http://www.latimes.com/world/europe/la-fg-britain-eu-subsidies-20160701-snap-story.html; http://www.iwa.wales/click/2016/07/brexit-party-sophistication-ignored-electors/). …

Dan Evans- Kanu

Welsh sociologist. Expert in bird law. Wales home & away. Views mine only

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store